sunset from behind the wire

sunset from behind the wire

Friday, July 19, 2013

A Nuclear Barge?

The US Navy currently operates a lot of small ship-born nuclear reactors. Every submarine (with the exception of SEAL Delivery Vehicles/Advanced Swimmer delivery systems) has a nuclear reactor. Likewise the Navy's aircraft carriers are nuclear powered.  I'm a proponent of nuclear power in these applications because it makes sense. The British, by contrast, cite the cost of nuclear reactors for ships, suggesting that it's cheaper to simply buy oil. Since they spend a lot of time in port, that makes perfect sense.

Russian nuclear power generating station (barge)
Ever since I heard that the Russians were building nuclear barges to haul from place to place, I've been thinking on the subject. It makes no sense for the US, but the Russians have a lot of problems that the US doesn't worry about. Russia is 9 time zones long and it's almost all ice-bound in the winter. In the winter in Russia, rail is the only reliable means of transportation - still. And there are a lot of isolated places that need electric power and the transmission lines run a long way to get there. During winter, those lines often go down. Thus the concept of electricity-generating nuclear reactors on barges that could be towed from place to place along the sea coast and possibly down navigable rivers in Russia. 
The barge is not much different than a Russian icebreaker
that never moves anywhere and doesn't break ice.

Even though the first few floating nuclear power plants are designed to power offshore drilling platforms in the Arctic, the concept of using them to augment Russia's spotty power grid in remote areas is bring 'floated'. (pardon the pun)
(The Week) Still, the barges themselves don't seem to be any more dangerous than Russia's nuclear-powered ice-breaker ships, which use the same KLT-40 naval propulsion reactors. The reactor-equipped barges would hold 69 people, and would have to be towed to their locations. They would also be able to power 200,000 homes, and could be modified to desalinate 240,000 cubic meters of water per day. 
Each barge's set of two KLT-40 reactors would produce 70 megawatts of electricity — nothing to laugh at, but far less than the 3,937 megawatts produced at America's largest nuclear power plant in Palo Verde, Ariz. Russia's Rosenergoatom, the state-owned builder of the floating power plants, says it will keep the enrichment levels far below the weapons-grade threshold established by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The Russian Arctic is home to 13% of the world's proven oil reserves and Russia's only serious money making export is oil. So funding these barges is in place and Russia plans to roll out the first 'floating Chernobyl' in 2016.

Russian Nuclear Accidents at sea (historical)  - Source: Wikipedia


Despite the less-than-stellar Russian naval reactor program, both China and Indonesia are lining up to buy some of these floating nuclear power generation barges. The Indonesians to use them, the Chinese to copy them and make their own. The practical truth is that the Russians currently operate nuclear submarines and ice breakers and their safety record has improved since the days of the old Soviet Union.




Addressing Illegal Immigration

There are a lot of misunderstandings about the problem of illegal immigration and the solution is a lot more simple than the Obama Administration (or previous administrations) have made it. Here are a few basic points to consider.

Amnesty?

There are roughly eleven million illegal aliens/undocumented workers/prospective Democratic Party voters living in America now. This situation needs to be addressed. Amnesty, or anything like it, is not a solution, it is a blessing of illegal conduct that will simply encourage more illegal conduct.

Mass roundups and deportations are not the solution.

Enforcement through attrition will work. Creating a system of laws that will make it inconvenient for illegal aliens to remain in the US will discourage further illegal immigration and will solve the problem. Not today, but sooner than later without the social disruption that comes with a heavy hand.

Don't reward illegal immigrants.

The things that attract illegal immigrants need to be removed from those people. The US Government tends to reward illegal immigrants at every turn from recognizing anchor babies to providing financial relief to those who are here illegally. That must stop. The border needs to offer a significant deterrence to those who would cross illegally. 
  • Stop rewarding illegal immigrants.
  • Harden the border and deter crossing.
A (Temporary) Guest Worker Program

A guest worker program addresses the needs of both workers and employers needs to offer the unemployed in America with the same benefits that are accorded to guest workers. That means that unemployed Americans would have the first shot at jobs with the same conditions offered to guest workers. This would include recruitment, transportation to where the worker is needed, housing, decent wages, and transportation home when the job is over. 
  • Allow employers to craft a plan that will work for them. The legislature needs to allow employers to take the lead on crafting a workable solution.
Summary

None of these suggestions taken individually or collectively is either harsh or cruel. There is a pathway to legal immigration that is already in place and for the greater part, it works. Dealing with the problem is not difficult nor is it particularly complex. The Obama Administration has shown a continuing reluctance to do anything to strictly resist illegal immigration due to their political agenda. Nobody in Washington DC or within the US Border Patrol believes that the measures that the current immigration bills under consideration by Congress will do anything to address the problems. The Border is only as secure as the President wants it to be.