Following on an agreement between the Scottish Parliament and the United Kingdom Government, there will referendum on whether Scotland should be an independent country. That will take place on Thursday, 18 September 2014.
|Scottish National Flag|
The UK Government has stated that if a simple majority of the votes cast are in favour of independence, then "Scotland would become an independent country after a process of negotiations". If the majority is against independence, Scotland would continue within the United Kingdom. Further powers would be devolved to the Scottish Parliament as a result of the Scotland Act 2012.
Even if Scotland becomes an independent nation, they would remain linked to the UK in matters of defense foreign affairs; financial regulation, monetary policy and the currency based on present agreements. That might not remain the case as there is an effort toward Scottish Parliament gaining the power to convert Scotland into a country that would "have the rights and responsibilities of a normal, sovereign state." If the latter happens, will the British flag (the Union Jack) change to remove the Scottish portion? I don't know.
Flower of Scotland (Scottish National Anthem)
|Cornish National Flag|
The well-trodden journey from Land's End to John o'Groats, the most south-westerly point of Cornwall to the north-eastern tip of mainland Scotland, has inspired many to travel the length of Britain by car, by bike and on foot.
But the famous challenge - often signposted with a distance of 874 miles (1,407km) by road - is not the only thing that Scotland and Cornwall have in common.
Cornwall's nationalist party, Mebyon Kernow, does not want Cornwall to be an independent country - which is what the Scottish National Party is campaigning for in Scotland - but it does want Cornwall to be seen as its own nation, with a legislative assembly similar to the current Scottish Parliament...for now
But not Wales
|Welsh National Flag|
Only 10% of Welsh voters support the nationalist party, Plaid Cymru, which favors independence from the UK. From an ethnological point of view, that's surprising, because the Welsh are culturally distinct from the other Brythonic groups and have been since the Early Middle Ages.
The Scotts have a tradition of independence that has been very active for hundreds of years. The Welsh seem to feel very differently about a break from the UK. I'm not sure why.