sunset from behind the wire

sunset from behind the wire

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

(More) Wars and Rumors

PM Abe
I haven't had much time to blog lately, but that doesn't mean that I can't bring you all up to speed on the news. One matter that Prime Minister Shinz┼Ź Abe brought to President Trump's attention this past week should be discussed here at least in passing because the US mainstream media won't report things like this.
Japanese and Russian media reported on 22 November that the Russian Pacific Fleet has deployed state-of-the-art anti-ship missile systems on islands off northern Japan.
Pravda and TASS reported on the 22d, “The Russian Defense Ministry has deployed the anti-ship missile systems Bal and Bastion on the Kuril Islands of Iturup and Kunashir.” 
“These units are part of the 72nd Coast Missile Brigade of the Pacific Fleet. The divisions are expected to hold firing exercises with the use of combat missiles before the end of the year.”
“On 23 August, the Collegium of the Russian Defense Ministry discussed prospects for the deployment of troops on the Kuril Islands. It was said that a division of coastal defense would be formed in 2018 in Chukotka.”

(Note: Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is the Russian district directly opposite Alaska across the Bering Strait.)

The Bastion coastal missile system is equipped with supersonic P-800 Onyx/Oniks missiles. Against sea targets, the system can destroy ships located within 350 kilometers (217 miles) of the shoreline. One firing unit may have up to 36 missiles and can protect more than 600 kilometers (372 miles) of coastline.

Armed with low-altitude subsonic anti-ship missiles X-35, the truck-mobile Bal missile system can destroy ground and surface targets to a distance of 130 kilometers (80 miles) from the launch site or 120 kilometers (75 miles) from the coastline. The X-35 missile is capable of destroying ships with a displacement of 5,000 tons. A Bal-equipped unit can fire salvos of 32 missiles.

Bastion Coastal Missile Defense System (launcher)
The islands – Iturup (Etorofu), Kunashir (Kunashiri) and Shikotan as well as the Habomai group of islets -- were seized by the Soviet Union following Japan's surrender in August 1945. The islands are called the Northern Territories in Japan and the Southern Kurils in Russia. The dispute over ownership of the four Russian-held islands off Hokkaido has prevented the two countries from signing a peace treaty since World War II.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in March that Russia would deploy the anti-ship missile systems on the islands before the end of the year. This action is substantively identical to Russia’s installation of the Bastion system in Kaliningrad and in Crimea in 2015. The Kola Peninsula also hosts a Bastion firing unit near Murmansk. In two years, a firing unit will be based opposite Alaska. 

Russian is upgrading its perimeter defenses at strategic points. If this pattern holds and the money does not run out, Russia may be expected to base state-of-the art anti-missile and anti-aircraft systems at each of these points, as it has in Syria and plans to do in Kaliningrad.

Russia-China Cooperative Nexus - 
Since Abe's Meeting with Pres. Trump

On 22 November, a Russian Navy Kamov Ka-27 antisubmarine helicopter flew near the Senkaku Islands, prompting Japan to scramble Air Self-Defense Force fighter jets.

The Self-Defense Force's Joint Staff said the helicopter came within about 10 kilometers of Japan's air space over the Kuba and Taisho islands, which are part of the Senkakus, as it flew in the area for a few hours Tuesday afternoon. Some Russian Navy ships, including a missile destroyer, were also spotted in the nearby waters.

The Russians have not commented on this incident. This was the first time a Russian helicopter flew near the Senkaku Islands. The Japanese are concerned about collusion between Russia and China. The Russians have been silent about China’s sovereignty claims to most of the East and South China Seas.

You should expect to see this expansion of Russian protection of its territorial boundaries and at least symbolic cooperation with China as their establishment of spheres of influence are more firmly established. The question of US response will be an interesting one and clearly it will be an early priority of a President Trump's foreign policy apparatus.

As the US ratcheted down its military under Barack-the-feckless, China and Russia have expanded -- as one would expect. What both the Chinese and Russians don't grasp is how a resurgent US after eight miserable years under the Obama Administration will challenge that. Japan wants a close relationship with the US to counter threats from China and Russia, which is why PM Abe was the first foreign head of state to visit President Trump during his transition meetings. 



19 comments:

  1. Thanks for the briefing. But will Japan survive the next Fukishima quake and, of course, their birthrate?

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    1. Japan has significant challenges. Their line in the sand is the Senkaku Islands and the oil under it.

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  2. It will be a challenge to win back any respect in this region, at all. And perilous, from the sound of your excellent briefing. Maybe Barack will send a few more 60 year old bombers to do flybys. That'll show 'em.

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    1. Maybe Trump can make America great again along with his solid team. Asia is a challenge as is China. Foxcom (maker of i-phones) will soon be making them in the US - later this year from what I hear. A company that I have an interest in has been tapped to provide them rare-Earth materials as part of the new US supply chain.

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    2. It's pretty insanely amazing that this kind of thing is moving so fast.

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    3. China threatened to cut off the supply of i-phones. Now they'll be made in the US of A. Make America great again.

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  3. Some inside baseball, for those of your readers unfamiliar with these weapons systems: these anti-ship missile batteries are only effective against fishing vessels, or warships of lesser countries such as the Maldives, etc. Their target acquisition systems are still highly vulnerable to ELINT targeting themselves, and most sophisticated naval forces of developed countries possess the US technology to engage these land based missile batteries once they 'light up' their target and firing sequences.

    In other words, if they intend to initiate the firing of one of these missiles, they themselves become the target for obliteration and the likelihood of them sinking any naval vessels during times of heightened tensions in the region are low to zero.

    This anti-missile technology has been around since at least the 1980's or so, and was highly effective in neutralizing such Soviet ADA systems as the feared ZSU-23-4, a four gun Vulcan type canon.

    I remember this stuff from my old days in the biz.

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    1. The EA-18G has been upgraded to fight against a threat environment dominated by advanced integrated air defense systems that could include VHF radars better capable of tracking stealth aircraft and highly mobile double-digit surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems like the Russian–built S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler) or Chinese HQ-9.

      If it's a battle against a US Air/Sea Battle formation, they have very little chance to prevail. Likewise, they are unlikely to prevail against a single Japanese or US DDG (Destroyer) even if they volley fire and try to overwhelm the system. However, what it does signal is expanded hostile militarization of an area in an era of decreasing US capacity in terms of absolute number of ships, etc.

      By next year, the US will no longer have Harpoon missiles in the surface fleet. For example, the only way a destroyer will be able to engage an enemy ship at sea is with the single 5" gun. If there is a US submarine in the area to help, that's a different matter.

      The Russians are not worried about a US or Japanese invasion. This is about them signaling a trend.

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    2. Yes, sabre rattling goes far in peace time. Much bang for the buck. But when the shit hits the fan, these moves are like pointing cross bows at tank battalions.

      They are more or less meaningless: much like anything that comes out of Kim Jong Un's mouth.

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  4. What do you mean you haven’t had much time to blog lately? You are PROLIFIC!

    What a cool toy! Don’t mess with the Russians. Or with White Wolves. Heh.

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    1. I try and do something every day as a matter of discipline.

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    2. I try NOT to write something every day. Whose discipline is better? Heh heh heh.

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  5. Enter Mad Dog Mattis as SecDef. I think this may probably change a lot of Asian thinking come next January. But then again there's pie. I like pie.

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  6. Completely trivial, but one would hope they wouldn't shoot at any U.S. fishing fleet in the Bering Sea..

    Thanks for the update. I knew Obama had screwed the military, I just didn't realize how badly until I read this.

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  7. Please pardon my suspicious mind. Those missile systems in that environment would present maintenance and logistic problems. On the other hand, some empty launchers parading around where they can easily be spotted would be relatively cheap. Do we, or Japan, have solid intelligence as to which is which?

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    1. They are in sealed containers. Actually the Russians came up with the idea of vertical launch cells (of the sort that we presently use on our warships) rather than the old missile rail systems. They're not subject to the harsh weather or the ocean environment the way that rails were. Of course the launchers could be empty or they could carry a slug/dud.

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  8. I am interested in seeing how Trump will handle all this saber rattling, since we have had 8 years of drawing red lines for nothing.

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    1. Then there is India vs Pakistan. More on this blog on that matter this coming Saturday.

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