sunset from behind the wire

sunset from behind the wire

Thursday, October 22, 2009

Planned Political Kidnapping

“Really, my dear chap, you seem to be reading too many romantic thrillers. This is no romance dear friend, this is reality.” –John Forsythe, The Day of the Jackal                  
To date, we haven't seen planned political kidnapping conducted by the US Government against US Citizens on American soil, but it doesn't mean it won't happen. Certainly it would be folly to presume that it's beyond the Obama Administration and their Chicago political machine to engage in this practice as their hold on power diminishes and as the possible election of another candidate to the office of President of the United States becomes a possibility.

If it happens, this brief post will educate you very briefly in the taxonomy of the problem. I'm not suggesting that it will happen. I merely provide information to aid you, the reader (the investigator), in the event it happens. I wish to thank Mr. W. L. Cassidy. His monograph on the subject was freely used as source material. I also thank others who schooled me in the craft when I was in my youth, in the service of the United States Government.

The incidence if political kidnappings are relatively small in the United States, but worldwide they are more the rule rather than the exception. To the person charged with such an investigaton, they can pose a daunting task. Because of the nature of the crime there will be inevitable political interest, media interest and bureaucratic pressure to “solve the crime” will be profound. It is only through an appreciation of the mindset of determined people, and the general process by which these actions are planned and carried out that the investigator begins to formulate the investigative process he will use to “solve the crime.”

The word kidnap entered the English language in the late seventeenth century, as a means to describe the practice of stealing children for forced labor. The practice of redeeming captives, whether adults or children, by payment of valuables or performance of some service was regarded as a separate issue. Originally, this latter practice was described, from the early fourteenth century, and thence, for a period of approximately four centuries, by the general term, ransoming. During the eighteenth century, kidnap replaced ransoming in popular usage, and the trend has continued to the present time. In many kidnap situations in the present age the victim of political kidnapping is killed even after the payment of ransom and thus the crime becomes assassination. (Cassidy)

Kidnapping is defined as the unlawful control of persons leading to (or believed to lead to) an end which motivates such control. Kidnapping may be subjective or objective in character, covert or clandestine. Abduction, though the essence of kidnapping, is but one means of control to be employed in a kidnapping action.

Subjective Kidnapping

Subjective kidnapping is a criminal act rather than a political activity. Such kidnapping may also stem from persons afflicted with mental or emotional illness. Subjective kidnapping only becomes political if a political figure has been targeted.

Objective Kidnapping

This category may be either political or military in nature, though it may proceed from what we would regard as mercenary motives. The deed of kidnapping exists apart from the kidnappers as personalities and definite political or military objectives are deemed served by the kidnapping. In this instance, the target will be kidnapped no matter who the kidnappers happen to be.

A closer definition of kidnapping is possible only when one approaches the subject of motive, or purpose. There are twelve principal motivations or “ends” which are served by the tactic of kidnapping.

1. Kidnapping for money, gems or other negotiable valuables.

2. Kidnapping for physical possession of a person. (For intelligence purposes or forced labor as an example)

3. Kidnapping for a cause of action.

4. Kidnapping to prevent an action.

5. Kidnapping for the purposes of psychological propaganda.

6. Kidnapping as a prelude to killing.

7. Kidnapping as an operational element of a larger action.

8. Kidnapping as a purely disruptive activity.

9. Kidnapping for the purposes of a mentally or emotionally disturbed person.

10. Kidnapping for revenge.

11. Kidnapping to execute a pseudo-legalistic sentence.

12. Kidnapping as a protective measure (to protect another person or the kidnappers themselves).

All the motives above tend to overlap one another to a greater or lesser degree. Because kidnapper's motives overlap considerably, it is important to divide them into subjective and objective categories.

Management by Kidnappers

To what degree is the political kidnapping managed by those apart from those committing the actual kidnap attempt? Operational planning is present in every sort of kidnapping, whether political or otherwise, and even complex planning is regarded as normal. Planning and even careful planning is not a good criterion to use when attempting to determine whether the kidnapping was managed by those outside the actual event.

The determination of outside involvement may only be made after a very precise examination of:

1. The specific nature of evident planning;

2. The number and nature of persons involved in the event;

3. The parties best served by kidnapping;

4. The identity of the target;

5. Groups capable of such actions;

6. “Signatures” left by virtue of the kidnapper’s training.

Political kidnapping actions reliably portend several implications. At the very least: A group capable of conceiving, supporting, conducting and protecting complex offensive actions to completion. Such capabilities require substantial funding; a training program; a sophisticated intelligence system, and select personnel.

Capability as isolated criteria is valueless as an indicator of who may have carried out a political kidnapping. Almost any nation, military or security organization, any disciplined aggregate of trained individuals, and many multi-national corporations are capable.

The political character if kidnapping is not necessarily decided by the identity of the target. It is decided by the ultimate impact of the kidnapping itself.

It is possible that a lone individual could successfully execute a political kidnapping, but it is not probable. Actions by squads or teams are, by far, the most common type. Such teams vary widely in numbers. Groups from two to fifty have been observed in the latter half of the twentieth century. Modern teams should be expected to have between fifteen and twenty-five being encountered—more in wartime than in times of lesser tension. Men, women and children often participate. These teams may be an element of a civilian resistance movement; a nationally or internationally maintained terrorist or counter-terrorist capability; a criminal organization; a national security capability; a separatist organization; an unavowable terrorist organization or they may be privately supported.

Would the US Government begin a program of planned political kidnapping targeting dissenters, with the kidnapping being blamed on "Domestic Terrorists"1?  The answer is that I don't know. But if it happens, you have a place to start when attempting to uncover the event.

If you are disturbed by my suggestion that it can happen here, too bad, sports fans. It's only through being alert and aware to potential situations that we can be prepared to deal with them.

1 Domestic Terrorists have been defined loosely by Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano as people who are opposed to abortion, people who are in favor of ownership of firearms, people who are opposed to illegal immigration, Americans returning from military service, etc.


  1. So if a far left wingnut goes off on his own initiative to "help" Dear Leader by removing problems, is that subjective or objective? Not that we would necessarily know, right?

  2. LL: As always, you offer thought provoking material.

  3. A Pissed Off RepublicanOctober 23, 2009 at 8:24 AM

    My advice to my Republican friends is not to visit any Liberal blogs, where you will only get to be insulted by those name calling IDIOTS!
    I visited a blog today and the first thing I saw was apicture of Rush Limbaugh pictured as a Cry baby. Then I made the big mistake of reading and posting a comment. Well, needless to say I was jumped all over by a pack of attacking Liberal wolves. It was not a pleasant visit.

    And the other thing that bothered me was that some very hateful things were said there about Palin and Glenn Beck and GW Bush. So I felt the need to say something to try to put a stop to the childish nonsense.

    Because of this harassment I was prompted to make this post.
    I do not appreciate mean people especially when all I did was post my opinion that was not in the bit least argumentative, but they try to turn it into one anyway.

  4. If we reach the point where political kidnappings become the norm in this country, then we truly will have become a banana republic.

  5. Very good post, sir. I wish I could say that I knew already the material you presented. I cannot. I had sort of "ideas" about parts of what you said, but your piece sort of put things in order, causing me to think more about the very real possibilities. One thing I can say in my own defense is that it was many years ago I learned that the phrase "can't happen here". is meaningless in the United States.

  6. Great! One more thing to worry about!

    Well written and good info, though. I bet you get google hits on this piece for years to come.

  7. I am not running in circles, hitting an old pot with a spoon, shouting the alarm. - RW Libertarian, "can't happen here" is something I don't say anymore.

    Ticked Chick After I saw them ram the healthcare bill through by jury rigging an existing appropriations bill so it didn't have to pass through committee, I knew 'banana republic' was a kind term for what we are becoming.

    Libertarian Adv Thanks.

    Velcro & Pissed off Republican If the Republic is to be saved, it is the man on the street (meaning us) who will do it - or we won't. Either way, the matter will be decided by people of conscience - and there aren't many of them in DC.

  8. Once again an eye-opener for me. I hadn't really thought about political kidnapping, so it's good to be educated, or at least somewhat aware of it. Mostly we see stories around the world about sex trafficking, human smuggling, making children soldiers... all very lucrative. Granted political kidnapping is different than this, but when human life ceases to have value and is seen as commodity it's good to have our eyes open for anything.

  9. While I wouldn't discount the possibility of government-sanctioned kidnappings, I suspect that financial coercion will prove to be just as efficient, with its acts easier to spin and blur.

    The IRS can take everything you've got. The question is "Is the government above demonizing a prrson or entity in order to solidify its political power?"

    Purely rhetorical, my friend.


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